Lady Fatima (a) belongs to the noblest family ever existing throughout the whole history of mankind. Her distinguished father was the very last messenger of Allah (s), a personality that the Holy Quran introduces him as the Best Paradigm. The mother of Lady Fatima was a pure lady named Khadija (a), a godly woman with unparalleled virtues and merits, who dedicated all her life and wealth for the sake of Islam. According to the Islamic calendar, Hazrat Fatima Zahra was born in the 20th day of the Arabic lunar month, Jamadi al-Thani, five years after Bi'thah (declaration of the message of Islam by Prophet Muhammad (s)) and 8 years before Hijra (migration of the Holy Prophet from Mecca to Medina).
The behavior of Holy Prophet toward his daughter Fatima was special. The Holy Prophet showed unique respect to his dear daughter; whenever Fatima came to see him, he welcomed her, stood up to show respect and even kissed her hand and made her sit at his own place.
On every occasion that the Holy Prophet (s.a) decided to go on a journey, Fatima was the last one to whom he bade farewell, and as soon as he came back from his trip, Fatima was the first one whom the Holy Prophet visited. Imam Baqir (a) and Imam Sadiq (a) have related that the Holy Prophet (s) never slept unless he kissed the face of Fatima (s) and placed his face on hers.
Yet, following the Holy Prophet's (s) death, whilst still overcome by grief of his parting, the tragedies that befell this great Lady did not cease but rather multiplied. Fatima flew by the wings of her sacred thoughts to the horizon of her past and the world of her great father, which turned after her father joined his Lord, to a shining memory in her soul. It supplied her every moment with feelings, sympathy and education. It roused in her joy and ease. Even if she was late after her father in the account of time, she did not separate from him in the account of soul and memory.
She had inside her an inexhautible power, a motive for a sweeping revolution, which never went out, light derived from the the very Prophethood of Muhammad; the soul of Muhammad lighting her way and guiding her to confront the gravest of tragedies; which if they had befallen upon day in its full radicance, would have turned it to the most starless of nights.