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Wednesday, August 19, 2009

NAHJ AL-FASAHAH Ch. A page 8

HEIGHT OF RHETORIC

● لِلْمُؤْمِنِ أرْبَعَةُ أعْدَاءٍ: مُؤْمِنٌ يَحْسُدُهُ؛ وَمُنَافِقٌ يُبْغِضُهُ؛ وَشَيْطَانٌ يُضِلُّهُ؛ وَكَافِرٌ يُقَاتِلُهُ.

A believer has four enemies: a jealous believer, a detesting hypocrite, a deviating Satan, and a hostile infidel.

● إنَّ المُؤْمِنَ مِنْ عِبَادِ اللَّهِ لا يَحِيْفُ عَلى مَنْ يُبْغِضُ؛ وَلا يَأْثِمُ فِيمَنْ يُحِبُّ؛ وَلا يُضِيْعُ مَا اسْتُوْدِعَ؛ وَلا يَحْسُدُ وَلا يَطْعَنُ وَلا يَلْعَنُ؛ وَيَعْتَرِفُ بِالْحَقِّ وَإنْ لَمْ يُشهَدْ عَلَيْهِ؛ وَلا يَتَنَابَزُ بِالألْقَابِ؛ في الصَّلاةِ مُتَخَشِّعَاً؛ إلَى الزَّكاةِ مُسْرِعَاً؛ في الزَّلازِلِ وَقُورَاً؛ في الرَّخَاء شَكُورَاً؛ قَانِعَاً بِالَّذِي لَهُ؛ لا يَدَّعِي مَا لَيْسَ لَهُ؛ وَلا يَغْلِبُهُ الشُّحُّ عَنْ مَعْرُوْفٍ يُرِيْدُهُ، يُخَالِطُ النَّاسَ كَيْ يَعْلَمَ، وَيُنَاطِقُ النَّاسَ كَيْ يَفْهَمَ، وَإنْ ظُلِمَ وَبُغِيَ عَلَيْهِ صَبَرَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ الرَّحْمنُ هُوَ الَّذي يَنْتَصِرُ لَهُ.

A believer is a servant of God who doesn’t oppress his enemies nor does he commit sins for the sake of his friends, who keeps trusts intact and refrains from jealousy, sarcasm and cursing others, who tells the truth though not called to bear witness and calls not people with bad names, who observes humility in prayers, hastes in paying his due alms, keeps patient in calamities and thanks (God) in affluence, who is content with what he has and claims not what he doesn’t, who doesn’t stop doing good deeds due to misery, who keeps company with people to learn and talks to them something to earn, and who forebears oppression and tyranny, awaiting the Merciful God to give him victory.

● المُؤْمِنُ بِخَيْرٍ عَلى كُلِّ حَالٍ، يَنْزِعُ نَفْسَهُ مِنْ بَيْنِ جَنْبَيْهِ؛ وَهُوَ يَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ.

A believer is in a good state all the time; even when he is on the verge of death, he praises God.

● مَثَلُ المُؤْمِنِ مِثْلُ سَبِيكَةِ الذَّهَبِ، إنْ نُفِخَتْ عَلَيْهَا احْمَرَّتْ؛ وَاِنْ وُزِنَتْ لَمْ تَنْقُصْ.

A believer is like unto a bar of gold, getting reddened when breathed upon and losing nothing when weighed.

● مَثَلُ المُؤْمِنِ مِثْلُ النَّخْلَةِ، ما أخَذْتَ مِنْهَا مِنْ شَيْ‏ءٍ نَفَعَكَ.

A believer is like unto a date palm; whatever you take from it will be to your benefit.

● مَثَلُ المُؤْمِنِ كَمَثَلِ العَطَّارِ إنْ جالَسْتَهُ نَفَعَكَ، وَإنْ مَشَيْتَهُ نَفَعَكَ، وَإنْ شَارَكْتَهُ نَفَعَكَ.

A believer is like unto a perfumer who will benefit you, should you keep company with him, or move along with him, or be a partner to him.

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